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Ross Miller became a mega moolah jackpot businessman and partner in oa major casino, though he cassino still capable of betting sites sign up offers a score with his fists. Casinl Bob went on to law school, entering law enforcement and eventually becoming a popular caasino of Nevada, holding office onex bet than anybody in caasino state's casijo.

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Casimo an issue with cazino product. Previous page. Print length. Thomas Ofaa Books. Publication date. See all details. Next page. Review A refreshingly unpretentious statement of personal history and political accomplishment that avoids the pitfall of excessive self-congratulation.

Miller, Nevada's longest-serving governor toopens this book by saying that it is not a typical autobiography.

After a capable foreword by former President Bill Clinton, Miller writes lovingly, and without apology, about his father, a Chicago bookmaker, whose word was his bond. He counted mobsters as associates, leading to business opportunities in the pre-glitter Las Vegas era.

The fledgling gambling mecca, Las Vegas, plays an important character here, as Miller's father becomes deeply involved in the casino life, yet shields his son from it, instead urging him to take part in the American Dream.

After a stint in the service and law school, Miller rises quickly from assistant district attorney to judge, entering public office and eventually becoming governor, where he boldly takes on the gaming industry and corrupt lawmakers.

In addition to providing the basis for a revealing family memoir and a triumphant political document, Miller's unique life is a testament to persistence, ambition, and respect for blood ties, including ties to his proud casino father.

This is an inspiring story as well from a first-rate family man and statesman. A unique and memorable memoir. A fresh and candid appraisal of an intriguing life. Richard O. Davies, distinguished professor of History, University of Nevada --Various. BOB MILLER is Nevada's longest serving governor, holding office from to His son, Ross, who is named after his grandfather, is presently in his second term as Nevada's secretary of state.

About the author Follow authors to get new release updates, plus improved recommendations. Bob Miller. Brief content visible, double tap to read full content. Full content visible, double tap to read brief content.

Read more Read less. Customer reviews. How customer reviews and ratings work Customer Reviews, including Product Star Ratings, help customers to learn more about the product and decide whether it is the right product for them.

Learn more how customers reviews work on Amazon. Images in this review. Sort reviews by Top reviews Most recent Top reviews. Top reviews from United Kingdom. There are 0 reviews and 0 ratings from United Kingdom. Top reviews from other countries. Verified Purchase. My husband and I lived in Nevada several years so I knew of Bob Miller.

I ordered the book on a whim and read it from cover to cover in one day. It is fascinating to learn more about the Nevada that most of us had no idea really existed. There was always a suspicion that the "mob" was around so it is great to get to know a little of the inside story.

I did think Gov. Miller was an excellent govenor so I may have anticipated a good book and I was not disappointed. One person found this helpful. The book is pure Bob Miller! I can remember most of the stories from thru He was, in my opinion, the best Governor Nevada has ever seen. This book is a true reflection of the little town and state he moved to in thru the humongous growth and changes that make Nevada what it is today.

And thanks to Bob Miller for being a huge reason we are where we are today! Very hard book to put down! I thought it was well written. I learned some history of Las Vegas.

Great lessons! It is a great story of a great man who lived great life and served great people form a great state Warm recommendation from my side to read this book and to learn all lessons form Governor Bob Miller.

It is worth and highly useful for youngsters and adults, for leftists or rightist, males and females, Easterns and Westerns, lovers or haters, lazy and hardworking Lessons for all, nice reading for the one who can read and who can find the nice things in each sentence.

I am a newcomer to Nevada and was curious about what went on before my arrival. When the Governor's book first appreared, the local newspaper columists fed the congratulatory hype. However, weeks later rebuttals and revisionist criticisms have appeared.

The feeling then was that the memoire sluffed over embarrassing aspects of the family's past with regard to organized crime personalities. I wanted to learn about Las Vegas history of the period.

I achieved what I wanted. Whether or not this will be of interest to readers outside of Nevada may be doubtful. See more reviews. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations. Back to top. Get to Know Us. Make Money with Us. Amazon Payment Methods.

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Save and Close. Home All Services Business Licences and permits Gambling Licences. Casino Licence The holder of a casino operating licence will be able to offer the opportunity to participate in one or more casino games.

No one under the age of 18 is permitted to enter a casino. To operate a casino premises you must hold an operating licence, issued by the Gambling Commission , and a premises licence issued by Fife Licensing Board To apply to the Fife Licensing Board for a casino premises licence you must complete the application form and submit it with a scale plan of the premises and the appropriate fee provide us with details of your operator licence issued by the Gambling Commission inform the Responsible Authorities using the prescribed form within 7 days of the date on which the application was made publish, in a local newspaper, an advertisement using the prescribed form within 10 working days starting with the day after the date on which the application was made display a notice on your premises using the prescribed form for a period of not less than 28 consecutive days, starting on the date on which the application was made.

Mississippi Code § Age requirement for patrons and gaming employees; penalties for violations; belief as to person's age no excuse. Play, be allowed to play, place Wagers, or collect winnings, whether personally or through an agent, from any gaming authorized under this chapter.

In any prosecution or other proceeding for the violation of any of the provisions of this section, it is no excuse for the licensee, employee, dealer or other person to plead that he believed the person to be twenty-one 21 years old or over. Bingo and pull-tabs : Charity bingo operators are given the unusual option of excluding anyone under The state charitable bingo law provides that no licensee shall allow anyone under 18 to play a bingo game unless accompanied by his or her parent or legal guardian, except that a licensee may prohibit all persons under 18 from entering the licensed premises by posting a written notice to that effect.

The state allows video pull-tab and video bingo machines. Lottery : Tickets may not be sold to anyone under 18; however gifts by adults to minors are permitted. No one under 21 may be licensed as a lottery game retailer. Missouri Revised Statutes §§ Pari-mutuel betting : A strangely worded statute prohibits minors from ''knowingly making or attempting to make any wager on any horse race.

Racetrack licensees may not knowingly permit anyone under 18, unless accompanied by a parent or guardian, into any pari-mutuel wagering area.

Licensees are also prohibited from knowingly permitting any individual under 18 to place a wager. Missouri Revised Statutes § Casinos : Missouri has two unusual provisions: The state legislature explicitly gave cities the option to completely exclude minors from riverboat casinos; and a minor's parent or conservator may sue to recover any money lost gambling.

The other provisions of the Excursion Gambling Boat Statute are typical: "A person under twenty-one years of age shall not make a wager on an excursion gambling boat and shall not be allowed in the area of the excursion boat where gambling is being conducted; provided that employees of the licensed operator of the excursion gambling boat who have attained eighteen years of age shall be permitted in the area in which gambling is being conducted when performing employment-related duties, except that no one under twenty-one years of age may be employed as a dealer or accept a wager on an excursion gambling boat.

Bingo and pull-tabs : Children as young as 16 may play or participate in the conducting of bingo, and even those under 16 may attend, when accompanied by a parent or guardian. MONTANA —The state has legalized video poker and keno machines.

Montana also has card clubs and allows calcutta betting on sports events. Indian tribes are operating casinos. Lottery : Tickets may not be sold to or by anyone under Montana Code §§, Pari-mutuel betting : Montana Code § prohibits the licensee permitting a minor to use the pari-mutuel system.

Casinos : A person under 18 may not "purposely or knowingly" participate in a gambling activity. The law also disallows an operator from purposely or knowingly allowing a person under 18 years of age to participate in a gambling activity.

The Video Gaming Machine Control Law requires operators to place gaming devices in such a way as to prevent access by persons under Montana Code §§ and Charity bingo and pull-tabs : A "bingo caller" is defined as a person 18 years of age or older.

Montana Code § NEBRASKA —Nebraska has the unusual arrangement of having no state lottery, but allowing cities and counties to run lotteries. It then makes a strange age distinction:. Lottery : Villages, cities and counties can operate lotteries in Nebraska—minimum age to buy a ticket: However, charity lotteries and raffles—minimum age to buy a ticket: Compare Nebraska Revised Statutes §§, , and with §, , It is a minor misdemeanor for anyone under 19 to knowingly buy a governmental lottery ticket, and a more serious misdemeanor to knowingly sell one.

While most states either allow adults to buy lottery tickets as gifts, or are silent on the issue, Nebraska explicitly prohibits anyone from buying a ticket for the benefit of a person under Pari-mutuel betting : Knowingly aiding or abetting any minor to make a pari-mutuel wager is a misdemeanor.

Nebraska Revised Statutes § Bingo and pull-tabs : Age 18 minimum; lotteries are allowed to sell "pickle cards," i. The state also allows keno, which has become a big business. Lottery : The Nevada Constitution still prohibits all lotteries, except charity raffles.

The enabling statute does not mention a minimum age for buying a raffle ticket. The age limit of 21 for casinos probably applies. Pari-mutuel betting : Almost complete prohibition for everyone under Notice the statutory prohibition on "loitering," allowing casinos to have minors pass through.

Also note the minor is not allowed to collect; nothing is said to prevent casinos from keeping children's money, win or lose. Play, be allowed to play, place wagers at, or collect winnings from, whether personally or through an agent, any gambling game, slot machine, race book, sports pool or pari-mutuel operator.

Loiter, or be permitted to loiter, in or about any room or premises wherein any licensed game, race book, sports pool or pari-mutuel wagering is operated or conducted.

Be employed as a gaming employee except in a counting room. Any licensee, employee, dealer or other person who violates or permits the violation of any of the provisions of this section and any person, under 21 years of age, who violates any of the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.

Casinos : See Pari-mutuel betting, above. There are many additional specific restrictions, all set at age Nevada Revised Statutes § Section Lottery : Tickets may not be sold to anyone under 18; however, gifts by adults are allowed. New Hampshire Revised Statutes §F Pari-mutuel betting : Limited to bettor over New Hampshire Revised Statutes § Bingo and pull-tabs : State law prohibits anyone under 18 to be admitted to or play bingo games.

New Hampshire Revised Statutes §§E:7, E and E NEW JERSEY —Mostly as historic accidents, New Jersey has chosen a different standard for each type of gambling permitted by law. Pari-mutuel: minors. Bingo: 18 with no exceptions. State lottery: 18, but tickets may be received by children as gifts.

Casinos: drinking age. Lottery : Tickets may not be sold to anyone under 18; gifts by adults are allowed. Minimum age for lottery agents is New Jersey Revised Statutes §§ and Pari-mutuel betting : Strict restrictions on minors, which is currently New Jersey Statutes § Casinos : Atlantic City casinos must exclude anyone not old enough to drink alcoholic beverages, currently As explained in the text, the state allows a casino to claim it did not know the minor was under 21 only when the casino is charged with a criminal offense; strict liability is imposed for all non-criminal procedures, including administrative fines.

NEW MEXICO —Tribes opened casinos without compacts. The Governor then signed compacts, but the State Supreme Court and federal courts ruled he did not have the power to authorize forms of gambling not permitted under New Mexico state law. The Legislature approved a compromise: compacts for tribes, with a heavy state tax, and slot machines for race tracks and fraternal organizations.

The tribes reluctantly agreed to the compacts, but are challenging the tax aspect, which does appear to violate the federal Indian Gaming Regulatory Act.

The state is unique in allowing betting on bicycle races. Lottery : Tickets may not be sold to anyone under 18, but gifts by adults are permitted. Lottery retailers must be at least New Mexico Statutes §§, , and Pari-mutuel betting : Betting on bicycle races is limited to age The horse racing statutes do not give a minimum age for placing a bet.

The state's racing commissioners report the minimum age as being Casinos : Compacts require Indian casinos to limit players to a minimum gambling age of Bingo and pull-tabs : New Mexico gambling statutes do not specify a minimum age for players. NEW YORK —New York has signed a compact with the Oneida tribe, resulting in an Indian casino without slot machines; Turning Stone is probably the most profitable table-games-only casino in the world.

New York off-track betting operations are taking telephone wagers from around the nation. The state also allows charities to run casino nights; minimum age is New York General Municipal Law §a.

Lottery : Tickets may not be sold to anyone under 18; however, adults may buy tickets for the purpose of making a gift to a minor. The New York courts upheld the right of the underage recipient to collect if his ticket wins. New York Tax Law §, Pando v.

Fernandez N. Pari-mutuel betting : Tracks and off-track betting operations are required to prevent betting by anyone who is actually and apparently under 18 years of age. This gives racing operators the excuse that the minor looked over New York Racing and Pari-mutuel Law § Bingo and pull-tabs : New York General Municipal Law § allows anyone under 18 to participate in bingo games, if accompanied by an adult.

Casinos : New York has signed a compact with the Oneida tribe creating Turning Stone, the largest casino in the world without slot machines. The state also allows charities to run casino nights. NORTH CAROLINA —North Carolina has signed a compact to allow the Cherokee Tribe to operate video gaming at its bingo hall.

Lottery : North Dakota is the only state where voters refused to authorize a state lottery, in part because the state already has so many other forms of gambling, including charity casinos. Pari-mutuel betting : North Dakota allows a primitive form of pari-mutuel betting, called Calcutta Pool, on all sporting events other than high school contests—age limit North Dakota Century Code § North Dakota is apparently the only state to put a higher limit—minimum age 21—on pari-mutuel wagering at OTBs than at the track.

Casinos : North Dakota Century Code § Low limit blackjack, for charity, is common throughout the state. Tribes operate full-scale casinos under compacts. Bingo and pull-tabs : Although pull-tabs are restricted to players over 21, bingo is limited to players over 18, unless accompanied by an adult.

Lottery : Ohio Revised Code § Pari-mutuel betting : "Minors," currently age 18, are barred from participating. Regulation Bingo : A wonderful minimum age: Participants and operators in Bingo games conducted by multipurpose senior centers must be at least 60 years old.

Employees at other bingo halls must be over Ohio Revised Code §§ Pari-mutuel betting : Oklahoma Statutes title 3A§ OREGON —The state lottery operates video poker machines and takes bets on sports events.

Tribes in the state are operating full-scale casinos pursuant to compacts. Lottery : The state has a strict scheme for dealing with minors. Lottery tickets may not be sold to anyone under If someone under 18 wins the lottery, they may not be paid the prize.

This effectively eliminates adults buying tickets as gifts. Oregon Revised Statutes §§ Pari-mutuel betting : If a track has a reasonable doubt that a patron is over 18, it must require the bettor to make a written statement of age and furnish evidence of his true age and identity.

The state statutes prevent any person under 18 from entering a race course, except when accompanied by a person 18 years of age or older who is the person's parent, guardian, or spouse; or when in the performance of a duty incident to employment.

It further prohibits any person under 12 from entering after 6 p. This statute also prohibits any person under 18 from loitering in the wagering area of a race course. Casinos : Video poker is limited to age 21 and older, because the devices are limited to establishments with liquor licenses.

Compacts were also signed putting the minimum age at 18 for bingo and blackjack. So, the present situation allows one Indian casino to let year-olds gamble at all of its games; the other Indian casinos must restrict machine gambling to age 21, but may allow year-olds to play every other game.

The compacts for blackjack are only temporary, and the state will insist that the age for that game be raised to Besides the Indian casinos, the state has cardrooms for poker and blackjack under a vaguely worded statute allowing "contests of chance. Lottery : Lottery tickets may not be sold to anyone under 18, but adults may give tickets as gifts to minors.

Lottery agents must be over Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes title 72 §§, Pari-mutuel betting : Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes title 4 § No licensed corporation shall permit any person who is under 18 years of age to attend a horse race meeting conducted by it unless the person is accompanied by a parent or guardian.

Casinos : Charities can operate casinos under Pennsylvania's "Small Games of Chance Act," minimum age limit is Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes title 10 § Bingo : Persons under 18 are not permitted to play bingo unless accompanied by an adult.

PUERTO RICO —Puerto Rico allows betting on cockfights, bolitas, and various other forms of gambling, including full-scale casinos with an unusual twist: the slot machines are owned and operated by the Commonwealth government itself. Lottery : Sales prohibited to persons under Puerto Rico Laws title 15 §§ and Pari-mutuel betting : No age limit is mentioned in the statute.

Casinos : "No gambling room shall be permitted to advertise or otherwise offer their facilities to the public of Puerto Rico; or to admit persons under 18 years of age.

Despite the obvious infringement on free speech, this statute was declared constitutional by the United States Supreme Court in Posadas de Puerto Rico Assoc. Tourism Co. Bingo : Puerto Rico Laws title 15 §71 equates bingo to other gambling games such as roulette, dice, and cards, thus bingo would be governed under §77's year-old age limit.

Lottery : "No person under the age of eighteen 18 years may play a video lottery game authorized by this chapter, nor shall any licensed video lottery retailer knowingly permit a minor to play a video lottery machine or knowingly pay a minor with respect to a video lottery credit slip.

General Laws of Rhode Island § Pari-mutuel : Licensees may not admit anyone under 18 into a building where pari-mutuel betting or simulcast is taking place, nor knowingly permit any minor to be a patron of the pari-mutuel system or any other betting system.

General Laws of Rhode Island §§ and Bingo and pull-tabs : Anyone under 18 is not permitted to play. SOUTH CAROLINA —South Carolina accidentally legalized video gaming devices, with off-beat restrictions, through a series of strange statutes and court decisions.

In , Terry Blackmon, a grocery store owner, was indicated for paying players for the free replays they won on his store's video poker machines.

The State Supreme Court ruled that a poorly worded anti-slot machine statute actually legalized the devices. The legislature had exempted "coin-operated nonpayout machines with a free play feature.

However, the Court later ruled that an even more ancient statute allowed losers to sue and get their money back. But the State Supreme Court continues to render conflicting decisions and law-suits against video poker are pending. In the most recent case, the Court ruled three-to-two that not all video games are created equal.

Under the majority's reading of South Carolina laws, video poker machines are legal, but video slot machines are illegal and can be ordered destroyed. State v. Four Video Slot Machines , S. Blackmon , S. Outen , S. No one under 21 may play or collect winnings. SOUTH DAKOTA —South Dakota was one of the first states to allow its state lottery to set up video lottery terminals, slot machines without coin drops.

The state also allows full-scale, low-stake casinos in Deadwood and on Indian land. Lottery : Lottery tickets may not be sold to anyone under However, to play a video lottery terminal a gambler must be at least South Dakota Codified Laws §§A, A, A, and A Pari-mutuel betting : South Dakota Codified Laws § prohibits a racetrack licensee from permitting any individual under the age of 18 to place a bet on a race.

Casinos : Participation in casino games is limited to gamblers 21 and older. South Dakota Codified Laws §§B, B-4, and B Everything is reminiscent of a Las Vegas casino, where the casino experience should be entertaining.

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Alaska Statutes §§ Lottery : It is a misdemeanor to sell a lottery ticket to anyone under 18, but it is not unlawful to give the minor a lottery ticket as a gift. Arizona Revised Statutes § Pari-mutuel betting : Arizona puts the legal wagering age at 18, according to the Association of Racing Commissioners International, Inc.

The state's statutes set the minimum age at the age of majority: Arizona Revised Statutes § states, "A permittee shall not knowingly permit a minor to be a patron of the pari-mutuel system of wagering. Casinos : Charities can operate casino nights. The state has entered into compacts with many tribes, authorizing the operation of slot machines and non-banked revolving deal card games.

The minimum ages for Indian casinos in Arizona is Pari-mutuel betting : Arkansas's horse racing statute expressly prohibits "any person under eighteen 18 years of age to be a patron of the pari-mutuel or certificate system of wagering conducted or supervised by it.

The dog racing counterpart, prohibits employing a minor or allowing "any minor to be a patron at the racetrack. Arkansas Statutes §§ and Lottery : California has a complete set of restrictions, typical of the state lotteries that have addressed youth gambling:.

No tickets or shares in Lottery Games shall be sold to persons under the age of 18 years. Any person who knowingly sells a ticket or share in a Lottery Game to a person under the age of 18 years is guilty of a misdemeanor. Any person under the age of 18 years who buys a ticket or share in a Lottery is guilty of a misdemeanor.

In the case of Lottery tickets or shares sold by Lottery Game Retailers or their employees, these persons shall establish safeguards to assure that the sales are not made to persons under the age of 18 years. In the case of the dispensing of tickets or shares by vending machines or other devices, the Commission shall establish safeguards to help assure that the vending machines or devices are not operated by persons under the age of 18 years.

All tickets or shares in Lottery Games shall include, and any devices which dispense tickets or shares in Lottery Games shall have posted in a conspicuous place thereupon, a notice which declares that state law prohibits the selling of a Lottery ticket or share to, and the payment of any prize to, a person under the age of 18 years.

Pari-mutuel betting : The age limit of 18 for horse races was established by regulations of the Racing Control Board, not by the legislature in a statute.

Casinos : California law allows cities and counties the local option of licensing gaming clubs, limited to non-banked table games. There are more than gaming clubs operating throughout the state—age limits appear to be usually The only state limit is a restriction limiting operators and owners to be at least Indian tribes are operating slot machines without compacts, in technical violation of the controlling federal law, the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act.

All non-compacted Indian gaming, even when legal, is regulated by the tribe, which can change the age limits whenever it wishes.

The Cabazon Band of Mission Indians, for example, announced in September, that it was raising the minimum age from 18 to 21 for its casino near Palm Springs and that it was firing all casino workers under Bingo : Minors currently age 18 are not allowed to participate in bingo games.

California Penal Code § Lottery : Colorado Revised Statutes § makes it illegal to sell a lottery ticket to anyone under 18 or for any person under 18 to purchase a ticket. However it permits the receipt of a lottery ticket given as a gift to a person under The difference can be significant: "Any prize won by a person under 18 years of age who purchased a winning ticket in violation of section 1 c shall be forfeited.

If a person otherwise entitled to a prize or a winning ticket is under 18 years of age, the director may direct payment of the prize by delivery to an adult member of the minor's family or a guardian of the minor of a check or draft payable to the order of such minor.

Pari-mutuel betting : It is illegal to purchase or to sell a pari-mutuel ticket to any person under the age of Colorado Revised Statutes § Colorado also has signed compacts with two Indian tribes; age limits are Bingo and pull-tabs : State law prohibits anyone under 18 from playing bingo or buying pull-tabs.

However, it also allows anyone 14 or older to "assist in the conduct of bingo or pull-tabs. Pari-mutuel betting : Connecticut allows betting on jai-alai, as well as on racing. Connecticut not only bars anyone under 18 from betting, but General Statutes § prohibits "the presence of any minor under the age of 18 being present in any room, office, building or establishment when off-track betting takes place.

Casinos : Charity "Las Vegas Nights" are limited to those over Connecticut General Statutes §a. The state prohibits anyone under 16 from even being present in a room where gambling is taking place. Connecticut has signed compacts with two Indian tribes.

The Mashantucket Pequot Tribe apparently felt that 18 was too young, and put its age limit at The tribe's casino, Foxwoods, may be the most profitable casino in the world, with blackjack, craps, etc.

and 4, slot machines. Bingo and pull-tabs : In its "Sealed tickets" statute Connecticut prohibits the sale to any person less than 18 years of age. Connecticut General Statutes §h.

Lottery : Delaware has the strongest restriction of any state lottery, having locked its year-old age limit into the state constitution. Delaware Constitution Article 2, § However state statutes, while prohibiting the sale of lottery tickets to persons under 18, expressly allow the purchase of a ticket for the purpose of making a gift by a person 18 years of age or older to a person less than that age.

Delaware Code Title 29, § Pari-mutuel betting and slot machines : While racetracks appear to put the limit at age 18, the state recently amended its laws to allow video lottery machines in racetracks, with an age limit of Bingo : A person has to be 18 or over to participate in any charitable gambling, the prize for which is money; yet, anyone over 16 may participate in Bingo and other charitable games.

This must limit year-olds and year-olds to games where prizes are merchandise. Delaware Code Title 28, § Casinos and Bingo : Charities in the District of Columbia can run "Monte Carlo Night Parties" as well as bingo. The minimum age to participate as well to be present is 18, but minors under 18 may to be present if accompanied by an adult.

Code § Pari-mutuel betting : Florida has not only dog and horse tracks, but also jai-alai. State statutes prohibit wagering by a person under the age of 18 but permit admittance if the minor is accompanied by a parent or legal guardian.

Florida Statutes § Bingo : State law prevents anyone under 18 from being allowed to play any bingo game or be involved in the conduct of a bingo game in any way. GEORGIA —The state legislature has enacted a unique law creating civil liability along with the more common criminal punishments.

Lottery : State statutes not only prohibit anyone under 18 from buying lottery tickets but also requires conspicuous labels, prohibiting minors from using any electronic or mechanical devices related to the lottery. Georgia Code § Bingo : State law allows a person under 18 to play Bingo if accompanied by an adult.

HAWAII —Hawaii, Utah and Tennessee are the only states with no commercial gambling. Hawaii, like many other states, does allow "social gambling"—minimum age is Hawaii Revised Statutes § IDAHO —The Coeur d'Alene tribe has set up a telephone and Internet lottery, the "US Lottery.

Lottery : Idaho Code § prohibits the knowing sale of tickets to anyone under Pari-mutuel betting : Minors are prohibited from using the pari-mutuel system.

Idaho Code § Therefore, children under 18 may play bingo for money for smaller prizes. ILLINOIS —Illinois is unique in defining a minor at least under the horse racing statutes as "any individual under the age of 17 years. The state also makes a distinction between casino gambling run by charities—age 18—and casino gambling run for profit on riverboats—age Lottery : It is unlawful to sell a ticket to anyone under the age of 18, but adults may buy tickets as gifts to minors.

Pari-mutuel betting : Minors defined as age 17 are forbidden from being admitted as a patron during a racing program unless accompanied by a parent or guardian.

Exceptions are made for employees, licensees, owners, trainers, jockeys, or drivers. Casinos : The state has both riverboat and charity casinos. The state riverboat statute prohibits any person under 21 betting or even being permitted on an area of a riverboat where gambling is being conducted.

An exception is made for employees, but workers must be at least 21 to perform any function involved in gambling. Illinois charitable casinos do a multi-million dollar business. Unlike for-profit riverboat casinos, charity casinos are open to anyone over Bingo and pull-tabs : Minimum age for bingo and pull-tabs is In fact, persons under 18 may not be in the area where bingo is being played, unless accompanied by a parent or guardian.

Lottery : Minimum age 18, but prizes may not be paid to anyone under 18, unless the ticket was received as a gift. Indiana Code §§, , , Pari-mutuel betting : Minimum age to work at a racetrack is 16, but the racing commission can license children even younger, who are working for their parent or legal guardian.

Indiana Code § Casinos : Indiana has riverboat gambling, even though, at this writing, none of the casinos are in operation. The minimum age for an occupational license is 18; however, anyone under 21 is prohibited from being in the area of a riverboat where gambling is being conducted.

Indiana Code §§, Bingo and pull-tabs : Players must be over Indiana Code §; Indiana Administrative Code title 45, regulation Department of State Revenue.

Lottery : Iowa law prohibits the sale of a lottery ticket to a person under the age of 18, but allows adult to buy tickets for them as gifts. Iowa Code §§99E. Pari-mutuel betting : Iowa Code §99D. No one may knowingly permit a person under the age of 18 to make a pari-mutuel wager. at §99D. Casinos : Iowa raised the minimum gambling age on its riverboat casinos from 18 to 21 in It against the law for a licensee to knowingly allow a minor to participate in the gambling, or even to be in the area of the excursion boat where gambling is being conducted.

Iowa Code §§99B. Bingo : Iowa makes some specific exemptions to its general prohibition on gambling by anyone under KANSAS —The general law of Kansas defines a minor as "a person under 21 years of age"; yet, the lower age of 18 is used for both legal and illegal gambling.

Kansas Statutes §§ l and m. Lottery : Kansas goes further than most states in keeping the presence of children out of the state lottery. Besides the usual restriction that licensees must be at least 18, the state legislature has prohibited the Kansas lottery from "recruiting for employment or as a volunteer any person under 18 years of age for the purpose of appearing, being heard or being quoted in any advertising or promotion of any lottery in any electronic or print media.

Pari-mutuel betting : The legislature put the same ban on the Kansas racing commission, prohibiting the use of children in commercials. It is a crime to sell a pari-mutuel ticket to a person knowing such person to be under 18 years of age.

Those under 18 are also specifically barred from buying the ticket. Kansas Statutes §§ and Casinos : The state is in the middle of a protracted fight over Indian casinos.

Although the legislature created a joint committee on gaming compacts, no mention was made of minimum age limits. Kansas Statutes § Bingo and pull-tabs : Minimum age limit of 18 to participate in the management, operation or conduct of any game of bingo.

Although "conduct" is not the best word, this statute probably covers playing the game as well. Lottery : It is a violation to knowingly sell a lottery ticket to someone under 18, and a misdemeanor to do it a second time. This would not prohibit adults from buying lottery tickets for minors.

Kentucky Revised Statutes §A. Pari-mutuel betting : Although Kentucky statutes do not expressly cover pari-mutuel betting, Kentucky places an age restriction of 18 on all activities except drinking ; therefore, it is legal for anyone 18 or older to bet at race tracks.

Kentucky Revised Statutes §2. The state's racing commissioners also report the minimum age as being Bingo : Kentucky has a "Charitable Gaming" Act, which controls bingo games. The age limit is A charitable organization may permit persons under 18 to play bingo if they are accompanied by a parent or legal guardian and if only non-cash prizes are awarded.

Kentucky Revised Statutes § LOUISIANA —The latest state to raise the minimum age for some forms of gambling. Casino gaming was always limited to players over 21, but state Senator Dardenne's SB33 in amended La.

A year-old and the owner of a bar with video poker machines filed suit in January , claiming the new law violates the state constitutional provision against age discrimination. AP Newswire J Jan. The amendment provides that winnings of underage video pokers players are paid to the state.

A licensee who knowingly lets a minor over 15 play, or even inadvertently lets a child under 15 play, will have its license revoked. Louisiana has everything except sports betting: Riverboat casinos, two Indian casinos, America's first urban land-based casino in New Orleans, video poker machines everywhere with large numbers at truckstops and racetracks, electronic bingo machines, pari-mutuel betting, and a state lottery.

Lottery : See paragraph above. The law provides that no ticket shall knowingly be sold to any person under the age of 21, but does not prohibit the purchase of a ticket by a person over 21 for the purpose of making a gift to a minor. Louisiana Revised Statutes and Pari-mutuel betting : The state legislature told the state racing commission to adopt rules and regulations to exclude and eject "persons.

who are not of age. Another state statute holds that any minor age six or above may, with the permission of the racing association, be allowed to attend any race meeting if accompanied by a parent, grandparent, or legal guardian but in no case shall any minor in attendance be allowed to engage in wagering.

An applicant for licensure as a jockey, apprentice jockey, exercise person, groom, or hot walker must be at least Casinos and slot machines : Anyone under 21 is not permitted to play any table game or slot machine, loiter in the designated gaming area of a riverboat, or be employed as a gaming employee.

Non-riverboat gaming devices are similarly limited to players over The legal burden is placed both on the minor and on the gambling operator. Louisiana Revised Statutes , and Bingo and pull-tabs : Louisiana Revised Statutes This statutory language is vague but probably covers players.

Lottery : Maine has one of the weakest regulatory schemes for its state lottery. Tickets may not be sold to anyone under 18, but may not be bought by adults as gifts for minors. The minor who buys illegally is subject to no punishment.

In addition, there is no penalty for unintentionally selling to a minor. Maine Revised Statutes Title 8, §§ and Pari-mutuel betting : Off-track betting facilities are open to children under age 16 when accompanied by a parent, legal guardian or custodian.

A person under the age of 18 is not only prohibited from participating in a pari-mutuel pool, but may not come within 15 feet of a betting window or other place for accepting wagers.

Maine Revised Statutes title 8, §§D and Bingo and pull-tabs : No one under the age of 16 years is permitted to take part in the conduct of, or participate in, the game of "Beano" or "Bingo," nor shall such minor be admitted to the playing area unless accompanied by parent, guardian or other responsible person.

Maine Revised Statutes title 17, § Lottery : The state follows the other states in requiring that no ticket be sold to a person the seller knows is under 18, while allowing adults to buy tickets for minors as gifts.

Lottery sellers must be at least Maryland State Government Code §§ and Pari-mutuel betting : The state's racing commissioners report the minimum age as being Casinos and slot machines : Charities in some parts of Maryland can operate casinos, including slot machines.

Bingo : Maryland's bingo laws are unique in two aspects: the state legislature has passed specific statutes for individual counties, rather than a single law covering the entire state; and some statutes explicitly allow year-olds to play bingo.

Maryland Criminal Law Code Art. Massachusetts General Laws chapter 10, §§24 and Pari-mutuel betting : Massachusetts does not even allow minors age 18 to attend its horse and dog races, let alone make bets.

But the penalties are very small. Massachusetts General Laws chapter A, §§9 and Bingo and pull-tabs : In Massachusetts, Bingo is called "Beano. Casinos : The governor of Massachusetts has agreed to allow an Indian tribe to own a casino, with a minimum gambling age of Lottery : It is a misdemeanor to knowingly sell, or offer to sell, a lottery ticket to anyone under Although tickets may not be sold to minors, an adult may buy one as a gift for someone under State law also requires a person to be at least 18 in order to acquire a lottery resale license.

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Country/region I am a ofa casino to Nevada and was casinno about what ova on before my arrival. Thank mega moolah jackpot for your feedback. Pari-mutuel betting : No age limit is mentioned in the statute. Applies to: All non-remote and remote casino operating licences. This indicates that unless customers actively plan to bring cash to a pub for use on a gaming machine, they are unlikely to be able to use one.

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Finally player protections are in place in casinos to mitigate increased risks of gambling harms. Gambling operators must ensure that their supervision and monitoring of gaming machines enables them to meet the requirements of the Act and conditions of their licence.

Since , many casinos have adopted a range of measures that enhance machine protections including:. The primary benefit of this measure is increased GGY for casinos that take up additional gaming machines. The Betting and Gaming Council BGC have provided detailed information on each casino, including floor space and the number of existing machines.

Around 20 Act casinos meet the minimum proposed size requirements for gambling area, table gaming area and non-gambling area, and would therefore be able to benefit from the same number of machines as Act Small casinos.

We estimate that most of the remaining casinos would also be able to benefit from increased machine allowances, proportionate to their size and non-gambling area. We do not currently have sufficient data to estimate the likely uptake of additional machines by casinos.

Combining this with the number of machines, this yields an average annual GGY of £57, per machine. This will be used to model the estimated total increase in GGY for casinos in the final impact assessment. This will take into consideration that there is likely to be diminishing returns, such that the more machines you have, the less GGY would be generated per machine.

There are also indirect benefits associated with this policy. A further advantage would be allowing operators to create an experience which competes with international gaming jurisdictions, and elevates the reputation of Britain as a gaming destination for international gaming tourists.

The white paper set out the intention for all casinos to be able to include a sportsbook as part of their product offering. Moreover, this measure would bring greater consistency to the different licensing regimes and bring greater parity between the online and land-based casinos.

The white paper proposed that all casinos should have the ability to offer betting, should they wish to do so. In order to offer this, operators will be required to hold relevant operating licences from the Gambling Commission.

The authorisations required may include a remote betting operating licence required if customers are to be able to bet via Self-Service Betting Terminals , as well as a non-remote betting operating licence. This entitlement will not be restricted by any space requirements or whether the casino has decided to increase its number of gaming machines under the new regime.

Casinos that are currently permitted to offer betting may site a maximum of 40 Self-Service Betting Terminals SSBTs. These terminals are not gaming machines if they are designed or adapted for use to bet on future real events. Where a machine is made available to take bets on virtual races, it is classified as a gaming machine and would therefore count towards the maximum permitted number of such machines.

In practice, venues which include sportsbooks as part of their product offering do not utilise a maximum of 40 — the largest casino by gambling area currently sites 12 terminals. We propose that the number of machines is limited, based on the overall gambling area of the casino.

As outlined in the table below, we propose that casinos with a gambling area of sqm or less are allowed 16 machines, increasing by two machines for every additional 20sqm of gambling space, up to 40 machines. We intend to place some restrictions on the number of SSBTs to avoid a scenario in which the product offering becomes unbalanced and a large number of these machines are sited in a relatively small gambling area.

For example, we do not think that it would be appropriate for a casino that has a gambling area of sqm and a table gaming and non-gambling area of sqm to be able to site 40 SSBTs alongside 25 gaming machines and at least five gaming tables.

While permitting betting in Act casinos is not a reserved matter, as outlined above, we intend to impose a limit on the number of SSBTs that can be made available in a casino. It is likely that this will require an amendment to the Mandatory and Default Conditions. We would not permit betting in Scottish Act casinos until Scottish Ministers have had the opportunity to consider what if any restrictions or protections they would like to put in place by way of amendments to the Mandatory and Default Conditions Regulations.

There will be some operating and transition costs associated with permitting sports betting in Act casinos, including acquiring the relevant operating licence s for betting from the Gambling Commission and the cost of siting new SSBTs and supervising them.

The policy could also encourage casinos to invest in broadcasting sport, both in broadcast rights and venue enhancement, which will have additional costs. However, at this stage we do not know precisely what these costs will be, as we do not have any evidence on how casinos will respond to this.

There are likely to be indirect costs in the form of displacement from online sports betting as those in casinos who would otherwise have bet on sports using mobile devices may be more inclined to do so using casino services. However, the online sports sector generated £2.

In addition, the current GGY derived from betting in casinos where it is permitted, is very small. The non-remote sports betting sector is a big contributor to the British gambling industry, generating £1. Therefore, allowing casinos to provide sports betting services will open up a new section of the market to them.

Consumers particularly international tourists still bet on sporting events via mobile devices while in casinos, irrespective of whether sports betting is permitted or not. Therefore, Act casinos are losing out on potential revenue that might otherwise have been generated if they were allowed to offer sports betting services.

Anecdotal evidence shows that only three of the Act casinos offer betting, representing about 0. This is a small proportion because consumers do not tend to associate casinos with sports betting, which is rarely the purpose of their visit.

If this proportion was representative across all casinos, then total casino sector GGY could increase by approximately £1. However, at this stage we do not know precisely what the GGY benefits will be, as we do not have any evidence on how casinos and players will respond to this proposal.

Should all Act casinos be permitted to offer sports betting, regardless of size? Do you agree with the proposed entitlements for Self-Service Betting Terminals SSBTs based on the sliding scale? Please explain your answer, including an alternative proposal for SSBT entitlements where applicable.

If you are a casino licence operator, what impact is permitting sports betting expected to have on the Gross Gambling Yield GGY of your casino s? If your casino already offers sports betting, what is the GGY from this activity? Please provide an estimate if you do not have an exact figure.

What impact is permitting sports betting expected to have on revenue from non-gambling activities e. increased income from sports bars which allow customers to place a bet?

What player protections could be adopted in casinos for those customers participating in sports betting? What constitutes a material change will be a matter for local determination, but it is expected that a common sense approach is adopted.

Under the new regime, it is quite possible that a casino would make material changes to its layout in order to site additional gaming machines, tables and potential positions for betting.

We would like to make the process for taking up the entitlement of additional machines as simple as possible for both operators and licensing authorities. There must be some notification that casinos are making a change to the number of machines and tables they are offering, even if this will not always trigger the need for a premises licence variation.

Therefore, we are consulting on how best to allow casinos to move onto the new regime. We propose that an operator must notify the licensing authority of their intention to increase their number of gaming machines.

We would expect the operator to provide all the relevant information so that the licensing authority can understand whether all of the requirements have been met in order to site the proposed number of gaming machines e.

size of gambling area, table gaming area and non-gambling area. We do not intend on changing any of the requirements placed on operators for when a variation to a premises licence may be required. This will need to be decided on a case by case basis.

Casino operators will be required to notify licensing authorities and the Gambling Commission if they decide to take-up their entitlement to additional gaming machines under the new regime.

Do you agree with the proposal that casino operators will be required to notify licensing authorities and the Gambling Commission if they decide to take-up their entitlement to additional gaming machines under the new regime?

Operator licence fees are different for Act and Act casinos. Fees are intended to cover the costs of regulation, and higher fees in the case of Act casinos are linked to the higher number of gaming machines they are permitted to site relative to Act casinos, as well as the ability of Act casinos to offer sports betting and, in the case of Large Act casinos, bingo.

Premises licence fees are collected by licensing authorities for applications and annual renewals to cover the cost of administration of their gambling duties and gambling enforcement. Further information about premises licence fees are outlined in Chapter 5.

As some of the differences between Act and Small Act casinos are brought in line, operating and premises licence fees and mandatory licence conditions should be harmonised accordingly.

If Act casinos wish to increase their machine allowances, it is the intention that operating and premises licence fees for Act casinos will be aligned with fees for Act casinos, and the mandatory premises licence conditions for Small Act casinos will also be applied to those Act casinos.

These changes would only come into effect if Act casinos elect to make more than 20 gaming machines including at least one Category B machine available to the customer.

As above, Act casinos will retain the option of continuing to operate under the existing regime should they not wish to increase their machine allocations. Operating and premises licence fees for Act casinos that increase their gaming machine entitlement should match the operating and premises licence fees charged for Act casinos.

Should the operating and premises licence fees that apply to Act casinos also apply to Act casinos that increase their gaming machine entitlements? Please upload any further evidence or any other information that should be considered as part of this consultation relating to casino measures.

Optional response [File upload]. Arcades adult gaming centres and bingo premises are licensed to offer a range of gaming machines ranging from Category B3 and B4 machines maximum stake £2 and maximum prize £ and £ respectively , Category C machines maximum stake £1 and maximum prize £ to Category D machines e.

slots-style, money prize machines having a maximum stake 10p and maximum prize £5. This rule mandates that at least 80 percent of all gaming machines in Adult Gaming Centres AGCs and bingo halls must be Category C and D. Up to 20 percent of total gaming machines can be Category B.

This rule was instituted to ensure a balance of machines are made available for customer use, limiting the number of machines with higher stakes and prizes available for high street gambling, and allowing larger operators to make commercial decisions on machine availability, rather than relying on fixed numerical limits as had been the case before.

The Order also included provisions known as grandfather or legacy rights. A number of premises, particularly those located in motorway service stations, chose to retain their existing entitlements.

As a result, these venues will be entitled to choose between adopting any revised entitlement set down in legislation following this consultation or retaining the four Category B machine allowance for AGC premises and eight Category B machine allowance for bingo premises.

Extensive consultation was undertaken with a wide range of stakeholders. The main theme that emerged from industry was that the current rule does not allow operators to meet consumer demand.

We welcome further evidence on the unmet consumer demand in the consultation response. In addition, we noted that some player safety improvements have been made to modern Category B3 machines which cannot easily be replicated on older machines, and that customers can and do play at lower stakes than the maximum on Category B3 machines.

As outlined in the white paper, we strongly encourage operators to continue to improve player safety controls on Category B3 machines. The Gambling Commission will also consult on appropriate player protections that should be required on these machines. The Gambling Commission raised concerns that arcade and bingo venues have sought to maximise their number of Category B machines under the current rules by providing Category C and D gaming on tablets and in-fill machines.

The white paper indicated that we would expect industry to strictly adhere to this ratio and we would set out detailed requirements in further consultation.

We are consulting on three different options and seeking further evidence to understand which should be taken forward, on the basis of our overarching objectives of allowing operators greater commercial flexibility and avoiding the situation where machines which customers do not want must be provided, maintained and kept switched on, and providing customers with a genuine choice of higher and lower stake machines.

The significant increase in energy bills for businesses has seriously impacted the sector, with the Bingo Association highlighting that 20 bingo halls have already announced closures this year, many of which cite energy costs as the primary driver. While the intensiveness of energy expenditure will vary by machine device type and energy efficiency, the costs to industry of maintaining these machines can be significant.

Challenges caused by rising energy costs are in addition to the longer-term commercial challenges faced by industry, particularly following the COVID pandemic.

For example, numbers provided by the Bingo Association show that the number of bingo premises that offer mainstage bingo declined from at the end of to in March The objective of commercial flexibility should therefore be understood as providing operators with scope to respond to energy prices for example, by removing unused energy intensive machines and also providing a degree of flexibility to increase the number of Category B machines to promote increased GGY and address long-term commercial challenges within the sector.

The objective of providing customers with a genuine choice of higher and lower stake machines is understood in terms of providing a safeguard against increased gambling harm. For instance, evidence provided by Bacta shows that the average stake placed on a Category B3 game is between £1.

Gambling Commission data, from April to September , indicates that across all land-based sectors, 1. To meet our objectives of allowing operators greater commercial flexibility, avoiding the provision and maintenance of machines which do not appeal to customers, and providing customers with a genuine choice of higher and lower stake machines, we are consulting on the following options.

The impact of each option will vary in how these objectives are balanced. For example, some options may place further emphasis on achieving commercial flexibility than achieving customer choice of higher and lower staking machines, and vice versa. To ensure a proportionate and evidence-based balance is satisfied, we are seeking views from a range of interested stakeholders to inform the strengths and risks of each option.

Also, Category C and D gaming machine device types made available for use must be of similar size and scale to Category B. As evidenced in the rationale for change, offering customers a genuine choice between higher and lower stake machines is important because Category B machines are associated with higher session losses and increased likelihood of gambling harm.

The Gambling Commission has expressed concern that operators currently seek to maximise Category B machine numbers by providing Category C and D games on inaccessible small tablets or via in-fill machines. For bingo halls, based on a sample of approximately 60 percent of the market, it is estimated that the number of Category C and D cabinets in these venues will decrease by over 1, In addition, there will likely be an increase of approximately Category B cabinets.

This would result in an overall decrease of over cabinet machines across these venues, predominantly consisting of legacy Category C cabinets. The removal of energy intensive legacy Category C cabinets will likely reduce the overall energy consumption of these operators.

The increase in Category B machines will enable bingo halls to better meet customer demand and will likely result in greater GGY. Projections on the impact of this proposal for the AGC sector suggest there will be a 10 percent reduction in the number of Category C machines and a 20 percent reduction in the number of Category D games, in-fills, and tablets.

This is in addition to a 9 percent increase in the overall number of B3 machines, representing approximately machines across the total AGC estate. Similarly to bingo halls, this would likely result in both energy savings and increased GGY for operators.

Under the scenario outlined in Option 1, it is expected that there will be a significant increase in commercial flexibility for operators across both bingo halls and AGCs. The increased flexibility will provide operators with more scope to make commercial decisions relating to energy consumption and customer demand.

It is possible that operators could use inaccessible tablets and in-fill machines to increase the overall number of Category B3 machines in their venues, undermining the principle of a balanced offer of higher and lower stake machines giving genuine choice to the customer.

This proposal outlined in Option 2 would require any such premises to have one Category C or D cabinet for each Category B cabinet it sites. The same rule would apply to all other gaming machine device types. For example, a Category B tablet could only be made available for use if there is one other Category C or D tablet that customers can play on in the venue.

Under this option, for every device with higher maximum staking there would be a lower maximum staking machine of equivalent size and nature available to customers. Consequently, it would deter operators from offering tablets and in-fill devices as a way to increase the number of Category B cabinets on their premises.

This proposal would likely reduce the potential risks of gambling harm associated with an increased number of Category B machines. Data provided by industry indicates that this option would achieve to a limited extent the objective of ensuring commercial flexibility.

When combining the number of cabinets across the AGC and bingo hall sectors there is a surplus of Category C and D cabinets by comparison to Category B cabinets. However, the extent to which this would be significant is questionable.

There would be a reduction of approximately 2, tablets but given the low energy intensiveness of these devices it would not produce comparable energy saving to those outlined under Option 1. In addition, there would be limited opportunities for operators to meet customer demand for Category B machines and increase GGY.

In AGCs, the number of Category C cabinets across a large part of the sector is significantly higher than the number of Category B cabinets. It would also provide greater flexibility in determining the make-up of their machines and potentially lead to the removal of machines, such as tablets and in-fills, that are infrequently played.

Bacta have argued, however, that the benefits to operators would not be as substantial as those outlined in Option 1. In addition, we are aware that across both AGCs and bingo halls that the impacts of this measure will vary significantly, from club to club and operator to operator.

Indeed, we reviewed data that showed some operators, particularly in the bingo sector where tablets are in widespread use for playing bingo games, have significantly greater numbers of Category B cabinets than Category C and D cabinets.

The equalising of these machine types may come at significant costs for some businesses. This may further contribute to the existing financial challenges across the sector — as indicated by the large number of business closures outlined in the rationale for change.

Under the scenario outlined in Option 2, it is anticipated that a genuine balance and choice of higher and lower stake machines would be achieved across venues.

Unlike Option 1, it would be much more difficult for an operator to increase the number of B3 cabinets on their premises by increasing the number of Category C or D in-fills and tablets that they site.

Therefore, it could further reduce the risk of gambling-related harm that is associated with higher category machines. The rationale for considering this option is that even a Category B machine could be argued to have a relatively low maximum stake, that no equivalent ratio of products is mandated online or in other commercial sectors, and that it would give operators maximum flexibility to respond to customer demand, while reducing the burden on the Commission and licensing authorities of enforcing a ratio.

For example, in bingo halls where tablets are essential to play mainstage bingo, it is unlikely there will be a significant reduction. The short-to-medium term impacts of Option 3 would therefore likely be similar to those outlined in Option 1. However, over the longer term, some industry representatives have suggested that operators would likely further reduce their number of Category C and D cabinets in favour of multi-staking Category B cabinets.

Multi-staking category B cabinets provide customers with the choice of staking at different levels and therefore below the maximum stake permitted. For example, a customer could stake 50p on these machines which is also below the maximum stake permitted on Category C machines. These machines can also offer customers Category C or D content on the same device.

Without any requirement in law for a balanced offer, it is possible that this option would result in Category B machines becoming the only product on offer. Under such circumstances, and given the relatively higher stakes and losses set out in the rationale for change, there is the potential for gambling-related harm to increase.

In addition, while customers could stake lower than the maximum on a multi-stake Category B machine, evidence suggests that on average players tend to stake more on Category B machines than Category C and D machines. For example, as previously highlighted, evidence provided by Bacta shows that the average stake placed on a Category B3 game is between £1.

Therefore, this option would need to be accompanied by a requirement that Category B3 machines in these venues would have certain player safety controls, such as staff alerts where a player meets spend or time limits. We would like to understand whether these types of protections are already available on these machines, or whether it would require investment in new machines or software.

These represent transition costs which are expected to be incurred in the first few years of implementation, with exact timescales depending on the option taken forward. We will use the responses to this consultation as well as wider engagement with the sector to gather data to estimate the likely uptake of additional machines and removal of existing machines under each option.

This covers all venues, not just bingo and arcade venues, but it indicates that increasing the number of gaming machines available to play may come with an associated increase in the risk of gambling harm.

For comparison, these rates are above the at-risk and problem gambling rates for bingo games While we have no direct evidence on the rate of gambling harm for those participating on gaming machines in bingo and arcade venues specifically, we can use net expenditure and session length data to consider the possible risks of gambling harm.

The data used in this section reflects activity from April to September and relates to a single session on a particular machine. This is possible on the single terminals that offer multiple games across a range of Categories. For example, a player may start a session on the Cat B game, before switching, within a session, to a Cat C game.

Data on session duration shows that, in general, players spend a similar amount of time on Category B machines as Category C and D machines. This suggests a relatively similar level of binge gambling across both machine categories.

Data on net expenditure per session shows that from April to September , the vast majority of sessions across all machine categories ended in the player either winning money or losing up to £ On the other hand, the data shows that a substantially higher proportion of sessions on Category B machines ended in a loss over £, compared to Category C, Category D and mixed machines.

This suggests a higher risk of unaffordable spending on Category B machines. Although the data on mixed sessions creates some uncertainty, we conclude that overall, Category B machines lead to higher losses than Category C or D machines.

This difference is particularly stark for bingo venues. Any measure that increases the availability of Category B machines risks leading to increased gambling harm for those playing on the machines. All options set out in this section are expected to lead to an increase in the total number of Category B machines across bingo and arcade venues.

This increase is expected to be higher under Option 1 than Option 2, as operators will not be restricted by device constraints.

The increase in Category B machines is expected to be even higher for Option 3, where no restrictions would be applied. Therefore, the risk of increased gambling harm is assumed to be higher for Options 1 and 3 than Option 2. A more detailed estimate of the impact for each option will be presented in the final stage impact assessment, once further data has been collected.

Player protections can be used to mitigate increases in the risk of gambling harm. The Gambling Commission will conduct a future review of the gaming machine technical standards. This will include assessing the role of sessions limits across Category B and C machines alongside safer gambling tools.

The primary benefit of this measure is a reduction in energy and maintenance costs from unused machines. The proposed measure will allow venues to remove unused Category C and D machines and save on the costs of maintaining and powering them. Energy costs per machine will be estimated in the final stage impact assessment using an energy calculator.

We do not currently have sufficient data to estimate the likely reduction of Category C and D machines under each option. We welcome further evidence on this in the consultation response. Another key benefit is the increased GGY from Category B machines in bingo and arcade venues.

Category B machines are significantly more profitable for operators earning considerably higher GGY than Category C and D alternatives. In the financial year to , the average GGY per Category B machine across all licenced land-based venues was £30,, compared to £2, per Category C machine and £1, per Category D machine.

As such, any change in the composition of gaming machines which results in a higher share of Category B machines will represent an uplift in GGY for operators.

We do not currently have sufficient data to estimate the likely uptake of additional Category B machines under each option, nor on how the average GGY per machine will change as a result.

Therefore, we cannot currently estimate the total increase in GGY for each option. We will use the responses to this consultation as well as wider engagement with the sector to gather data to estimate the likely change in machine configuration in bingo and arcade venues.

This will be used to model the estimated increase in GGY for each option in the final impact assessment. Indirect benefits are also expected to accrue as a result of this measure. A healthier land-based gambling sector, able to compete on a more even basis with similar online gambling opportunities, is likely to support local employment opportunities, regeneration effects and contribute to business rates.

We have been unable to estimate the scale of these benefits at this time. Finally, we anticipate there may be some wellbeing benefits resulting from the continued existence of bingo halls, supported by revision of the rule.

Anecdotal evidence suggests that for some individuals the option of attending physical bingo premises delivers substantial social benefits which would be lost if the sector is not supported. It has not been possible to model these benefits at this stage in the analysis. How, if at all, would the approaches taken in Options 1, 2 and 3 impact the ability of business to meet customer demand for gaming machines?

What impact would options 1, 2 and 3 have on Gross Gambling Yield GGY for businesses? If available, please provide evidence of the potential impact of Options 1, 2 and 3 on the GGY of operators and on the wider gambling sector. Mandatory response What impact would Options 1, 2 and 3 have on the overall number of Category B machines?

What impact would Options 1, 2 and 3 have on the overall number of Category C machines? What impact would Options 1, 2 and 3 have on the overall number of Category D machines?

If available, please provide estimates of the potential impact of Options 1, 2 and 3 on the overall number of machines. What impact would Options 1, 2 and 3 have on the product mix of Category B, C and D machines?

For example, cabinets and terminal devices. Please provide any evidence you have on the potential harm of implementing Options 1, 2 and 3 on customers.

What impact would Options 1, 2 and 3 have on the overall number of Category B, C and D gaming machines? Please rank these options in order of preference, with 1 being your preferred option. Optional response. Please explain why this is your preferred option. Please outline any other proposals relating to machine allowances in arcades and bingo halls that you think that we should consider.

What benefit would this proposal s offer in comparison to Options 1, 2 and 3? Please upload any further evidence or any other information that should be considered in this consultation relating to bingo and arcade gaming machine measures.

The Gaming Machine Circumstances of Use Regulations prohibit the use of debit cards for direct payments to gaming machines, and prohibit any use of credit cards.

As they are an extension of card payment, the direct use of contactless mobile systems such as Google Pay or Apple Pay on gaming machines is also prohibited. The original purpose of the debit card rules was to protect players.

Cash-only gambling was assumed to give players more control by providing natural interruptions in play to obtain more cash, helping players play within budget limits. The legislation also requires ATMs in gambling-licensed premises to be positioned so that any customer who wishes to use them must stop gambling in order to do so, while in pubs and clubs the rule comes from the Code of Practice.

Since these rules were put in place, the use of card payments has increased greatly across society and in many settings cash is a rarity. However, it is still the primary way to pay for machines in land-based venues.

For example, some machines accept indirect payment from a debit card via mobile apps. Some venues also operate a ticketing system, which allows customers to purchase a ticket with a debit card for use on a gaming machine. When casinos reopened following COVID-related closures in , casino operators introduced an approach, agreed by the Gambling Commission, whereby customers could stand up and turn away from gaming tables to complete a debit card transaction with a staff member via a mobile card terminal.

The approach was seen as being consistent with the intention of the Gambling Act Mandatory and Default Conditions England and Wales Regulations and their equivalent in Scotland in ensuring players have a break in play before being able to access additional funds.

So while debit cards can be used at casino tables, they still cannot be directly used as a form of payment on gaming machines in casinos. Gaming machines are currently permitted in a variety of locations and divided into various categories based on factors such as maximum stake and prize available, as well as the premises where they may be used.

Land-based gambling has a significantly larger workforce than online gambling. In addition to this, research commissioned by Bacta showed that in , seaside arcades alone contributed £m in UK GVA, and were responsible for employing around 19, people.

Across society, cash has been declining as a form of payment method. While the existing framework has allowed for some innovation in cashless payments, gambling has largely remained cash-based.

The lack of direct cashless payment methods on gaming machines contrasts with the cashless options that consumers have within the wider retail economy. There has also been a decline in gaming machine usage in alcohol licensed premises.

Evidence submitted by the British Beer and Pub Association shows a post-COVID decline in both the percentage of pubs with machines and machine weekly income.

Anecdotal industry evidence suggests that payment methods are a factor in this decline in machine usage, as pub goers now pay for food and drink by card but might have previously played a machine using spare change.

This indicates that unless customers actively plan to bring cash to a pub for use on a gaming machine, they are unlikely to be able to use one. Bacta highlighted that pubs no longer give cashback and ATMs have all but disappeared from pubs, making it more difficult for customers to access cash to use on machines.

They also noted the cost of refloating machines, which has become more challenging for pubs where cash payments are not taken over the bar. The societal shift towards cashless payments threatens the future of gaming machine GGY.

not including alcohol-licensed and other such premises was £1. This would likely affect the future viability of land-based venues, which support jobs and have been adversely affected by the pandemic. The introduction of direct forms of cashless payments on gaming machines, subject to suitable safeguards, therefore represents an opportunity to future-proof the land-based gambling industry.

As mentioned above, the existing regulations prohibit the use of debit cards for direct payments to gaming machines, and prohibit any use of credit cards. Lifting the prohibition will require us to amend secondary legislation, but we do not intend any relaxation of the prohibition to extend to credit card payments.

This is because allowing people to gamble with money that they may not have exposes players to a higher risk of harm. While it is important to future-proof gaming machine payment methods, there must be a balance between this and any elevated risk of harm that could emerge from allowing direct cashless payment methods to be used for gambling.

There is evidence that cashless payment methods are associated with increased expenditure in comparison to the use of cash , which can lead to unintended consequences for consumers including overspending and a higher willingness to pay.

Consumer preferences therefore indicate that cashless would need to complement, rather than replace, cash as a gambling payment method.

The need to future-proof the land-based gambling sector provides the rationale for change. However, completely removing the prohibition on the direct use of debit cards within the Gaming Machine Circumstances of Use Regulations would be ineffective in addressing the increased risk of harm from cashless payment methods.

Encouraging further industry innovation within the current framework is unlikely to achieve meaningful progress due to limitations with meeting wider consumer preferences.

While app-based digital payments have been encouraging in facilitating customer verification and providing customers with increased choice in payment types, their uptake and level of transactions have been low thus far.

Moreover, the current framework does not solve the issue that unless customers actively plan to bring cash to a pub for use on a gaming machine, then they are unlikely to use one.

Permitting cashless in a targeted way, for example allowing debit cards to be used to pay for particular types of gaming machines or machines in certain types of venues, would not provide clarity on the principles and player protections required within a cashless framework.

Completely removing the prohibition on the direct use of debit cards on machines would risk undermining two of the licensing objectives :. The risk would be that some forms of direct cashless payment such as contactless lack account verification and could allow stolen cards to be used on gaming machines.

This would be in contrast to the review and potential implementation of improved verification protocols within online gambling. Completely removing the prohibition could also pose a risk to anti-money laundering compliance.

However, some forms of cashless payment methods require authorisation from the account holder. This includes the use of biometrics on contactless mobile systems such as Apple Pay and PINs on chip and PIN methods.

The authorisation required by the account holder in these systems mitigates against the risk of cashless payments facilitating crime through stolen cards being used on gaming machines. Moreover, this definition should also be flexible enough to accommodate for future technological change within payment methods.

Should card account verification such as chip and PIN or Face ID on mobile payment systems be required if direct cashless payments are permitted on gaming machines?

How often should card account verification be required? For example, after a certain number of transactions or when a customer hits a spend threshold.

Regulation 7 of the Gaming Machine Circumstances of Use Regulations sets the financial payment limit on the amount a person can deposit on a machine in a single action.

These are £10 for Category B1, B2, B3 and B3A machines, and £5 for Category B4 and C machines. Category D machines currently do not have a committed payment limit.

Regulation 7 ensures that there is a maximum value that players can deposit onto a machine in a single action. Although the current maximum for a single contactless transaction is £ per Financial Conduct Authority rules , payments originating from mobile devices such as Apple Pay are effectively unlimited in terms of a single transaction value due to the higher level of security associated with making payments.

The current maximum amount of cash that can be inserted into a machine at one time is £50 as this is the highest denomination of bank note. In order to bring direct cashless payment methods in line with the cash-based landscape, their maximum transaction value must be considered alongside the existing Gaming Machine Circumstances of Use Regulations What should the maximum transaction value be for direct cashless payments on gaming machines?

Optional response [Sliding scale]. Should the maximum deposit limit for direct cashless payments be the same as those set by the Circumstances of Use Regulations ? Optional response i Category B1 machines ii Category B2 machines?

iii Category B3 machines? iv Category B3A machines? v Category B4 machines? vi Category C machines? vii Category D machines?

Should the maximum committed payment limit for direct cashless payments be the same as those set by Circumstances of Use Regulations ? i Category B1 machines? ii Category B2 machines?

In the current predominantly cash-based landscape, ATMs must be positioned to require a player to take a break in play in order to access additional funds. In order to slow the speed of direct cashless transactions and provide a break in play, the government proposes that there should be a minimum transaction time for players making direct cashless payment transactions on gaming machines.

In the Gambling Act Review call for evidence, the Cashless Group submitted a proposal that transactions could take a minimum time of 30 seconds to roughly mimic the time taken from card insertion up until receiving funds at an ATM. As part of the process of allowing players to make debit card transactions by turning away from the gaming table at casinos, the sector committed to an approach of 30 seconds of visual separation in ensuring a break in play before accessing additional funds.

Should there be a minimum transaction time for customers making a cashless transaction on a gaming machine? Deposit limits, session limits and other player-centric controls help to empower customers. The purpose is to prompt the customer to make the decision about how much they want to play at a time before they may be caught up in the game and less likely to make informed or dispassionate decisions.

These tools prompt players once these limits have been reached. There are existing limits which can be set on machines, as well as cooling-off periods for when these limits are hit.

The cooling-off periods require players to temporarily take a break before continuing their session on that gaming machine. The Bacta Limit Setting standard of enables players to set voluntary limits on session times, as well as limits on the amount of credit that can be inserted within a session.

This standard applies to feasible B3 gaming machines and provides players with a 30 second cooling-off period once voluntary limits are hit. In addition to this, default limits are also covered by this standard. This is currently triggered by a session time of 20 minutes or £ credit being inserted since session start.

The cooling-off period is 5 seconds for the first and second time that the player exceeds the mandatory limit. The cooling-off period is 10 seconds for the third and subsequent times that the player exceeds the mandatory limit. However, there is no uniformity across land-based machines as a whole.

The breadth of APAS functionality and staff alerts varies by manufacturer. Default limits for machines in betting shops are £ being inserted as credit since session start or 20 minutes of machine play both leading to a 30 second cooling-off period when triggered.

The Commission will conduct a future review of the gaming machine technical standards. This will include assessing the role of session limits across Category B and C machines alongside safer gambling tools. However, the government believes that there could be benefits to harmonising these measures as part of direct cashless gambling.

Should there be voluntary limits the ability for customers to set time and monetary thresholds on gaming machines accepting direct cashless payments?

How long do you think the cooling-off period should be if voluntary limits are hit? Should there be mandatory limits default limits for time and monetary thresholds on machines accepting direct cashless payments?

Optional response i Monetary thresholds ii Time thresholds [Sliding scale]. When limits are hit, should that result in a staff alert as well as a customer alert?

As previously discussed, an optimal strategy to combat disassociation when gambling combines breaks in play with safer gambling messaging. GamCare, in collaboration with the BGC, Bingo Association, Bacta and other businesses, have developed a land-based industry code for the display of Safer Gambling information.

This has been voluntarily adopted by BGC members and its objective is to improve consistency when displaying Safer Gambling information across the land-based sector. The government supports the voluntary measures that have been adopted as part of improving access to Safer Gambling information.

The government will consider the need for bespoke dedicated safe play messaging as part of cashless gambling on gaming machines.

In your view, is there any specific safer gambling messaging that should be considered within cashless gambling? Please include any evidence of the potential impact of this messaging.

Players could also benefit from objective statements about their gambling activity rather than purely internal budgeting during sessions. Research has found that factual information dispels myths, biases and irrational thoughts, and increases informed decision making.

Rules introduced by the Gambling Commission in for online slots games mandate the display of money and time spent during a session. In order to help customers make informed decisions and keep track of spending, the government considers that the display of session time and session net position £ should be mandatory on machines that accept direct cashless payments.

Net position would be defined as the total of all deposits and winnings minus the sum of all losses since the start of the session , and both these proposals would align to the changes made to online game design by the Gambling Commission in Should session time be visible at all times to the customer on machines accepting direct cashless payments?

Should net position be visible at all times to the customer on machines accepting direct cashless payments? At this stage it is difficult to predict the precise impact of these measures. The GGY impact of this measure will depend on the take up of cashless gaming machines by operators, but also on the player protections.

Whilst there are some forms of indirect cashless payment methods under the current framework, as well as ATMs near some gambling locations, the lack of future-proofing for payment methods does risk a real decline in gaming machine GGY. Please upload any further evidence or any other information that should be considered in this consultation relating to cashless payment measures.

Category D machines include a range of low stake machines, such as coin push, crane grabs and slot-style fruit machines. Category D machines are typically played by families and children and are usually found in seaside arcades, family entertainment centres FECs and unlicensed FECs.

Further details on machine types and permitted locations can be found at Figure There are two types of Category D slot-style machines, one that pays out a small amount of cash, and one that pays out tickets which can be exchanged for a small prize, toy or sweet.

Currently, both types of slot-style machines can legally be played by unders. This was on the basis that whilst cash can be reinserted for further play potentially facilitating behaviours like chasing losses , tickets cannot and have no value beyond what they can be redeemed for within the venue.

Operators are given the autonomy to police the commitment as they see fit. As set out in the white paper, we believe that a more precautionary approach is justified for slot-style games which mirror the mechanics of adult-only gaming machines, particularly those which pay out cash.

However, due to the lack of substantive research or evidence clearly identifying harms resulting from general Category D machines, we do not support a ban on children accessing other Category D machines, such as those that pay out in tickets, crane grabbers or coin pushers.

This change will not only strengthen the existing voluntary commitment from industry, by making it an offence to allow unders to play this type of gaming machine, it will also level the field between operators who are signed up to the voluntary code and those who are not.

Licensed operators are required to place Category B and C machines in age-restricted areas to ensure that unders do not have access to them.

For example, a licence for an FEC allows the operator to site an unlimited number of Category C and D gaming machines in premises which are open to all ages. However, Category C machines must be in a segregated part of the premises that is supervised to prevent children and young people accessing those machines.

Unlicensed FECs are entitled to make only Category D machines available, once they have successfully applied for a permit from the licensing authority local authority in England and Wales, licensing board in Scotland.

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A casino premises licence is of unlimited duration. The first annual fee is due within 30 days of the issue of the licence and thereafter before each anniversary of the issue of the licence.

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The Act requires licensing authorities to comply with any code of practice issued by the Secretary of State. Where an authority invites applications, those applications may be in the form of an application for a provisional statement as well as in the form of an application for the grant of a full casino premises licence.

Where an application is made in the form of a provisional statement it is to be treated in the same way as an application for a casino premises licence and included in any two-stage determination process that the authority is required to carry out. If an application for a provisional statement is successful in that process, then it is not necessary for a further two-stage licensing process to be held when a casino premises licence application is eventually made by the operator to whom the statement has been issued.

As a first step in licensing a casino, the licensing authority will have to invite applications for any casino premises licences that it may issue. It is possible that the number of applications that the relevant licensing authorities will receive will exceed the number of licences available.

The Act lays down a framework for a two-stage process for considering applications in these circumstances. As with all deliberations in premises licences, the authority should not confuse planning and building regulation considerations with the matter before it.

Authorities should think carefully before entering into any agreements or arrangements with potential casino operators which might be perceived to affect their ability to exercise their stage two functions objectively and without having prejudged any of the issues.

If any such agreements or arrangements are entered into, it will be important that authorities are able to demonstrate for example, through having obtained independent and impartial advice on the competing applications that any decision they reach is objectively based and is not affected by the arrangements.

If more applications are received than the number of available licences, the authority must determine whether each application would be granted a licence if there were no limit on the number of licences that the authority could grant.

Each application must be considered separately, and no reference made to the other applications received. The consideration of representations should be the same as that for normal applications for premises licences, detailed in Part 7 of this guidance.

This process will result in one or more provisional decisions to grant a premises licence, which will be disclosed to the applicant and any party that made representations. The provisional decision of the licensing authority at stage one may be appealed.

Until any appeal has been determined, the licensing authority may not proceed to stage two. The second stage of the process only applies where the number of applications which the licensing authority would provisionally grant under the stage one process exceeds the number of available casino premises licences.

Under the second stage of the process the authority has to decide between the competing applications and grant any available licences to those applications which in their opinion will result in the greatest benefit to its area.

Where a licensing authority issues a provisional statement following a two-stage determination process, they may limit the period of time for which the statement has effect.

This is so that the authority can control the period within which the full casino premises licence application has to be made. Under Schedule 9 to the Act the authority is allowed to extend the period for which the provisional statement has effect if the person to whom it is issued applies to have it extended.

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